Journal of Clinical Neonatology

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2023  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 16--21

Novel cord blood and urinary phytoestrogens levels in male neonates with normal external genitalia


Che Che Ahmad Muttaqin Salim1, Azrina Shahrizat Khutubul Zaman1, Hana Azhari2, Suzana Makpol3, Shareena Ishak4, Zarina Abdul Latiff4, Dayang Anita Abdul Aziz1 
1 Department of Surgery, Pediatric Surgery and Urology Unit, Faculty of Medicine, National University of Malaysia, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
2 Department of Family Medicine, National University of Malaysia, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
3 Department of Biochemistry, National University of Malaysia, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
4 Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, National University of Malaysia, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Correspondence Address:
Dayang Anita Abdul Aziz
Department of Surgery, Pediatric Surgery and Urology Unit, Faculty of Medicine, National University of Malaysia, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 56000
Malaysia

Objective: This was a new prospective study to determine the association between phytoestrogen levels in the cord blood and urine with normal and abnormal external genitalia in male newborns. Materials and Methods: One hundred and fifty-one term male newborns were enrolled. Cord blood and urine and medical photos of their external genitalia were obtained. Prematurity and multiple congenital anomalies or syndromic characteristics were excluded. Serum and urine levels of phytoestrogens (daidzein and genistein) were calculated using liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry. The normality of the appearance of the external genitalia of the males was determined by a consensus review by experts. Results: A total of 146 cord blood and 96 newborn urine samples were obtained; only two newborns had abnormal external genitalia. In the 144 babies with normal external genitalia, mean levels were determined to be as follows; serum daidzein 10.82 ng/ml, serum genistein 42.17 ng/ml, urine daidzein 69.91 ng/ml, and urine genistein 126.09 ng/ml. In the two babies with abnormal external genitalia, mean levels of each of the measured phytoestrogen were lower; however, there was no statistical significance between the two groups (P > 0.05). Conclusions: We successfully determined and developed a novel database on the levels of measurable phytoestrogens in serum and urine from male newborns with normal external genitalia. In the normal group, a higher concentration of serum and urinary phytoestrogens was correlated with the extension of the scrotal pigmentation above and proximal to the base of the penis. These data are useful to better understand the role of phytoestrogens in the development of male genitalia and for future research on newborns with abnormal external genitalia.


How to cite this article:
Salim CC, Zaman AS, Azhari H, Makpol S, Ishak S, Latiff ZA, Abdul Aziz DA. Novel cord blood and urinary phytoestrogens levels in male neonates with normal external genitalia.J Clin Neonatol 2023;12:16-21


How to cite this URL:
Salim CC, Zaman AS, Azhari H, Makpol S, Ishak S, Latiff ZA, Abdul Aziz DA. Novel cord blood and urinary phytoestrogens levels in male neonates with normal external genitalia. J Clin Neonatol [serial online] 2023 [cited 2023 Jan 27 ];12:16-21
Available from: https://www.jcnonweb.com/article.asp?issn=2249-4847;year=2023;volume=12;issue=1;spage=16;epage=21;aulast=Salim;type=0